Was ist das eigentlich? Cyberrisiken verständlich erklärt

Es wird viel über Cyberrisiken gesprochen. Oftmals fehlt aber das grundsätzliche Verständnis, was Cyberrisiken überhaupt sind. Ohne diese zu verstehen, lässt sich aber auch kein Versicherungsschutz gestalten.

Beinahe alle Aktivitäten des täglichen Lebens können heute über das Internet abgewickelt werden. Online-Shopping und Online-Banking sind im Alltag angekommen. Diese Entwicklung trifft längst nicht nur auf Privatleute, sondern auch auf Firmen zu. Das Schlagwort Industrie 4.0 verheißt bereits eine zunehmende Vernetzung diverser geschäftlicher Vorgänge über das Internet.

Anbieter von Cyberversicherungen für kleinere und mittelständische Unternehmen (KMU) haben Versicherungen die Erfahrung gemacht, dass trotz dieser eindeutigen Entwicklung Cyberrisiken immer noch unterschätzt werden, da sie als etwas Abstraktes wahrgenommen werden. Für KMU kann dies ein gefährlicher Trugschluss sein, da gerade hier Cyberattacken existenzbedrohende Ausmaße annehmen können. So wird noch häufig gefragt, was Cyberrisiken eigentlich sind. Diese Frage ist mehr als verständlich, denn ohne (Cyber-)Risiken bestünde auch kein Bedarf für eine (Cyber-)Versicherung.

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Exam Number : A00-250
Exam Name : SAS Platform Administration for SAS9
Vendor Name : SASInstitute
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A00-250 exam Format | A00-250 Course Contents | A00-250 Course Outline | A00-250 exam Syllabus | A00-250 exam Objectives

Exam Name SAS Certified Platform Administrator for SAS 9

Exam Code A00-250

Exam Duration 110 minutes

Exam Questions 70 multiple-choice and short-answer questions

Passing Score 70%

Successful candidates should be able to:

Secure the SAS configuration on each server machine.

Check status and operate servers.

Monitor server activity and administer logging.

Establish formal, regularly scheduled backup processes.

Add users and manage their access.

Establish connectivity to data sources.

Set up and secure metadata folder structures.

Administer repositories and move metadata.

Exam Contents

Securing the SAS configuration

Secure a SAS platform configuration.

Update SAS Software

Monitoring the Status and Operation of SAS Metadata Servers

Manage metadata repositories.

Identify the properties and functionality of SAS servers.

Configure a SAS Metadata server cluster.

Monitoring, Logging, and Troubleshooting SAS Servers

Monitor SAS servers.

Administer SAS server logging and modify logging configurations.

Troubleshoot basic SAS server issues such as server availability.

Backing Up the SAS Environment

Backup and restore the SAS environment.

Administering Users

Manage connection profiles.

Manage roles.

Register users and groups in the metadata.

Give users access to processing servers and data servers.

Determine when to store passwords in the metadata.

Manage internal SAS accounts.

Identify SAS server authentication mechanisms.

Administering Data Access

Register libraries and tables in the metadata.

Update table metadata.

Pre-assign a library.

Troubleshoot data access problems.

Use the metadata LIBNAME engine.

Managing Metadata

Identify how the metadata authorization layer interacts with other security layers.

Identify where, how, and to whom metadata permissions are assigned.

Determine the outcome of metadata authorization decisions.

Use metadata permissions to secure metadata.

Create and use Access Control Templates.

Promote metadata and associated content.

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SASInstitute SAS exam syllabus


IDBI Executive Syllabus: PDF Download, Subject Wise Topics, exam Pattern

IDBI Executive Syllabus: The Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) has released the IDBI syllabus for an executive post on the official website. All interested and eligible aspirants must follow the latest IDBI Executive syllabus and exam pattern and align their strategy accordingly.

Along with the IDBI Executive exam syllabus, aspirants should check the IDBI Executive exam pattern to understand exam requirements, the number of questions, maximum marks, and the marking scheme prescribed by the authority. Going by previous analysis, it was found that the questions asked in the IDBI Executive exam were moderate in nature. So, aspirants should keep the latest IDBI Executive syllabus handy before commencing their preparation.

In this blog, the IDBI Executive Syllabus PDF is compiled, including the latest exam pattern, preparation strategy, and best books.

IDBI Executive Syllabus 2023

Here are the key highlights of the IDBI Executive syllabus and exam pattern shared below for the convenience of aspirants.

IDBI Executive Syllabus

Exam Conducting Body

Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI)

Post Name





IDBI Executive syllabus and exam pattern

Selection Process

Online Test (OT), Document Verification (DV), and Pre Recruitment Medical Test (PRMT)

Maximum Marks



2 hours

IDBI Executive Syllabus PDF

Aspirants must obtain the IDBI Executive Syllabus PDF from the link shared below to understand the subjects that must be studied during exam preparation. Get the direct link to obtain the IDBI Executive Syllabus below:

IDBI Executive Syllabus: Important Topics

The IDBI Executive syllabus is divided into four subjects: i.e., logical reasoning, data analysis and interpretation, English language, quantitative aptitude, and general/economy/Banking awareness/computer/IT. Check the subject-wise IDBI Executive syllabus PDF elaborated below.



Reasoning Ability

Verbal Reasoning 


Sequential Output Training


Operations of Mathematics

Venn Diagram

Word Sequence

Missing Characters

Blood Relations



Test on Alphabets

Data Sufficiency

Alpha-Numeric Sequence Puzzle

Puzzle Test

Direction Sense Test

Assertion and Reasoning

Arithmetical Reasoning

Series Completion

Verification of truth of Statement

Situation Reaction Test

Non-Verbal Reasoning 

Construction of Squares and Triangles


Completion of Sentences


Rule Detection

Analytical Reasoning

Spotting embedded figures

Mirror Images

Dot Situation

Identical Figure Groupings

Paper Folding

Paper Cutting

Cubes and Dices

Water Images

Forming figures and analysis

Figure matrix

English Language

Cloze test

Error Spotting

Sentence Improvement

Sentence Correction

Ace reading Comprehension

Fill in the blanks

Para jumble

Para/Sentence Completion

General Awareness/Banking Awareness

Current Affairs


Important Places

Books and Authors

Banking Awareness

GK Updates

Prime Minister Schemes



Important Days

Quantitative Aptitude

Number series

Data Interpretation



Profit loss and Discount

Simplification and approximation

Quadratic Equation

Speed, Time and Distance


Ratio and Proportion

Time and Work

Simple and Compound Interest

Weightage of IDBI Executive Syllabus

Candidates must be familiar with the IDBI Executive exam pattern to get an idea of the exam structure and marking scheme prescribed by the officials. The written exam comprises a total of 200 objective-type multiple-choice questions for 200 marks. A negative marking of one-fourth or 0.25 marks, is applicable for each incorrect response.


No. of Questions

Maximum Marks


Logical Reasoning, Data Analysis and Interpretation



2 hours

English Language



Quantitative Aptitude



General/Economy/Banking Awareness/ Computer/IT






How to Cover the IDBI Executive Syllabus?

IDBI Executive is one of the most competitive exams in the country. Every year, many candidates apply for this recruitment against limited seats, but only a few are declared qualified in this exam. Hence, candidates must refer to the latest IDBI Executive syllabus to cover all aspects of the exam. Here is the preparation strategy to ace the IDBI Executive Recruitment exam in one attempt.

  • Check the IDBI Executive syllabus to identify the subjects important for the exam and plan the study schedule accordingly.
  • Pick expert-recommended books and online resources to clarify the basic concepts of all the subjects specified by the officials.
  • Attempt mock tests and IDBI Executive's previous year's question papers to evaluate their performance.
  • Revise all the topics, formulas, and short-cut techniques regularly to retain concepts for a definite period.
  • Best Books for IDBI Executive Syllabus

    Candidates should check the top IDBI executive books based on the latest pattern and curriculum. The right books will help them cover all the subjects mentioned syllabus. Some of the highly recommended exam books are given below:

    IDBI Executive Books


    Book Name

    English Comprehension

    Objective General English by SP Bakshi

    Quantitative Aptitude

    Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive exam by RS Aggarwal

    General Knowledge

    Lucent’s General Knowledge


    A Modern Approach to Verbal and Nonverbal Reasoning by RS Aggarwal

    Also Read,

    IDBI Executive Admit Card

    Deal’s Off: SAS Institute Says No To Acquisition By Broadcom

    SAS Institute says it is ‘not up for sale,’ and a Wall Street Journal report says that Broadcom’s potential $20 billion acquisition deal with SAS has been shelved.


    It appears that business analytics and data management software giant SAS Institute doesn’t want to become part of Broadcom after all.

    The Wall Street Journal reported late Tuesday that SAS Institute has ended acquisition talks with San Jose, Calif.-based semiconductor manufacturer Broadcom .

    An SAS Institute spokesperson told CRN on Tuesday that Jim Goodnight, co-founder and CEO of SAS, has sent a message to all employees in which he said, “We are not up for sale.” SAS remains focused on furthering innovation to serve its customers, the spokesperson said.

    [Related: The Big Data 100 2021]

    Broadcom did not respond to a CRN request for comment by press time.

    In latest years, Broadcom has been on an acquisition spree aimed at becoming a power player in the business software market. Broadcom acquired infrastructure software developer CA Technologies in late 2018 for $18.9 billion, cybersecurity software vendor Symantec in late 2019 for $10.7 billion, and storage networking specialist Brocade Communications in 2017 for $5.5 billion.

    The Wall Street Journal originally reported Monday that Broadcom was in talks to acquire SAS Institute, citing sources familiar with the matter. That deal was expected to be in the range of $15 billion to $20 billion, including assumed debt and adjusted for cash on hand.

    That deal was reportedly slated to be finalized in the next few weeks. But the Journal on Tuesday reported that the SAS Institute’s co-founders, Goodnight and John Sall, changed their minds and have decided not to sell their company to Broadcom.

    Broadcom has a market capitalization of nearly $200 billion.

    Cary, N.C.-based SAS Institute was formed as a data analysis software project at North Carolina State University where the company’s founders were professors and students.

    The company was founded in 1976 and has expanded into a broad product line of data analytics and data management offerings from its flagship SAS Viya visual analytics software, to data integration and governance tools, to Internet of Things analytics software--along with business analytics applications for specific industries and tasks such as fraud detection and risk exam in financial services.

    Privately held SAS Institute said earlier this year that its 2020 revenue was about $3 billion.

    Converting a Character to a Date With SAS

    Kiran Bharthapudi has more than seven years of experience in print, broadcast and new media journalism. He has contributed to several major news agencies, including United Nations radio, BBC online and "Consumer Reports" magazine. His articles specialize in the areas of business, technology and new media. He has a Ph.D. in mass communications.


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    Warum sind Cyberrisiken so schwer greifbar?

    Als mehr oder weniger neuartiges Phänomen stellen Cyberrisiken Unternehmen und Versicherer vor besondere Herausforderungen. Nicht nur die neuen Schadenszenarien sind abstrakter oder noch nicht bekannt. Häufig sind immaterielle Werte durch Cyberrisiken in Gefahr. Diese wertvollen Vermögensgegenstände sind schwer bewertbar.

    Obwohl die Gefahr durchaus wahrgenommen wird, unterschätzen viele Firmen ihr eigenes Risiko. Dies liegt unter anderem auch an den Veröffentlichungen zu Cyberrisiken. In der Presse finden sich unzählige Berichte von Cyberattacken auf namhafte und große Unternehmen. Den Weg in die Presse finden eben nur die spektakulären Fälle. Die dort genannten Schadenszenarien werden dann für das eigene Unternehmen als unrealistisch eingestuft. Die für die KMU nicht minder gefährlichen Cyber­attacken werden nur selten publiziert.

    Aufgrund der fehlenden öffentlichen Meldungen von Sicherheitsvorfällen an Sicherheitsbehörden und wegen der fehlenden Presseberichte fällt es schwer, Fakten und Zahlen zur Risikolage zu erheben. Aber ohne diese Grundlage fällt es schwer, in entsprechende Sicherheitsmaßnahmen zu investieren.

    Erklärungsleitfaden anhand eines Ursache-Wirkungs-Modells

    Häufig nähert man sich dem Thema Cyberrisiko anlass- oder eventbezogen, also wenn sich neue Schaden­szenarien wie die weltweite WannaCry-Attacke entwickeln. Häufig wird auch akteursgebunden beleuchtet, wer Angreifer oder Opfer sein kann. Dadurch begrenzt man sich bei dem Thema häufig zu sehr nur auf die Cyberkriminalität. Um dem Thema Cyberrisiko jedoch gerecht zu werden, müssen auch weitere Ursachen hinzugezogen werden.

    Mit einer Kategorisierung kann das Thema ganzheitlich und nachvollziehbar strukturiert werden. Ebenso hilft eine solche Kategorisierung dabei, eine Abgrenzung vorzunehmen, für welche Gefahren Versicherungsschutz über eine etwaige Cyberversicherung besteht und für welche nicht.

    Die Ursachen sind dabei die Risiken, während finanzielle bzw. nicht finanzielle Verluste die Wirkungen sind. Cyberrisiken werden demnach in zwei Hauptursachen eingeteilt. Auf der einen Seite sind die nicht kriminellen Ursachen und auf der anderen Seite die kriminellen Ursachen zu nennen. Beide Ursachen können dabei in drei Untergruppen unterteilt werden.

    Nicht kriminelle Ursachen

    Höhere Gewalt

    Häufig hat man bei dem Thema Cyberrisiko nur die kriminellen Ursachen vor Augen. Aber auch höhere Gewalt kann zu einem empfindlichen Datenverlust führen oder zumindest die Verfügbarkeit von Daten einschränken, indem Rechenzentren durch Naturkatastrophen wie beispielsweise Überschwemmungen oder Erdbeben zerstört werden. Ebenso sind Stromausfälle denkbar.

    Menschliches Versagen/Fehlverhalten

    Als Cyberrisiken sind auch unbeabsichtigtes und menschliches Fehlverhalten denkbar. Hierunter könnte das versehentliche Veröffentlichen von sensiblen Informationen fallen. Möglich sind eine falsche Adressierung, Wahl einer falschen Faxnummer oder das Hochladen sensibler Daten auf einen öffentlichen Bereich der Homepage.

    Technisches Versagen

    Auch Hardwaredefekte können zu einem herben Datenverlust führen. Neben einem Überhitzen von Rechnern sind Kurzschlüsse in Systemtechnik oder sogenannte Headcrashes von Festplatten denkbare Szenarien.

    Kriminelle Ursachen


    Hackerangriffe oder Cyberattacken sind in der Regel die Szenarien, die die Presse dominieren. Häufig wird von spektakulären Datendiebstählen auf große Firmen oder von weltweiten Angriffen mit sogenannten Kryptotrojanern berichtet. Opfer kann am Ende aber jeder werden. Ziele, Methoden und auch das Interesse sind vielfältig. Neben dem finanziellen Interesse können Hackerangriffe auch zur Spionage oder Sabotage eingesetzt werden. Mögliche Hackermethoden sind unter anderem: Social Engineering, Trojaner, DoS-Attacken oder Viren.

    Physischer Angriff

    Die Zielsetzung eines physischen Angriffs ist ähnlich dem eines Hacker­angriffs. Dabei wird nicht auf die Tools eines Hackerangriffs zurückgegriffen, sondern durch das physische Eindringen in Unternehmensgebäude das Ziel erreicht. Häufig sind es Mitarbeiter, die vertrauliche Informationen stehlen, da sie bereits den notwendigen Zugang zu den Daten besitzen.


    Obwohl die Erpressung aufgrund der eingesetzten Methoden auch als Hacker­angriff gewertet werden könnte, ergibt eine Differenzierung Sinn. Erpressungsfälle durch Kryptotrojaner sind eines der häufigsten Schadenszenarien für kleinere und mittelständische Unternehmen. Außerdem sind auch Erpressungsfälle denkbar, bei denen sensible Daten gestohlen wurden und ein Lösegeld gefordert wird, damit sie nicht veröffentlicht oder weiterverkauft werden.

    Ihre Cyberversicherung sollte zumindet folgende Schäden abdecken:


    • Soforthilfe und Forensik-Kosten (Kosten der Ursachenermittlung, Benachrichtigungskosten und Callcenter-Leistung)
    • Krisenkommunikation / PR-Maßnahmen
    • Systemverbesserungen nach einer Cyber-Attacke
    • Aufwendungen vor Eintritt des Versicherungsfalls

    Cyber-Drittschäden (Haftpflicht):

    • Befriedigung oder Abwehr von Ansprüchen Dritter
    • Rechtswidrige elektronische Kommunikation
    • Ansprüche der E-Payment-Serviceprovider
    • Vertragsstrafe wegen der Verletzung von Geheimhaltungspflichten und Datenschutzvereinbarungen
    • Vertragliche Schadenersatzansprüche
    • Vertragliche Haftpflicht bei Datenverarbeitung durch Dritte
    • Rechtsverteidigungskosten


    • Betriebsunterbrechung
    • Betriebsunterbrechung durch Ausfall von Dienstleister (optional)
    • Mehrkosten
    • Wiederherstellung von Daten (auch Entfernen der Schadsoftware)
    • Cyber-Diebstahl: elektronischer Zahlungsverkehr, fehlerhafter Versand von Waren, Telefon-Mehrkosten/erhöhte Nutzungsentgelte
    • Cyber-Erpressung
    • Entschädigung mit Strafcharakter/Bußgeld
    • Ersatz-IT-Hardware
    • Cyber-Betrug