Was ist das eigentlich? Cyberrisiken verständlich erklärt

Es wird viel über Cyberrisiken gesprochen. Oftmals fehlt aber das grundsätzliche Verständnis, was Cyberrisiken überhaupt sind. Ohne diese zu verstehen, lässt sich aber auch kein Versicherungsschutz gestalten.

Beinahe alle Aktivitäten des täglichen Lebens können heute über das Internet abgewickelt werden. Online-Shopping und Online-Banking sind im Alltag angekommen. Diese Entwicklung trifft längst nicht nur auf Privatleute, sondern auch auf Firmen zu. Das Schlagwort Industrie 4.0 verheißt bereits eine zunehmende Vernetzung diverser geschäftlicher Vorgänge über das Internet.

Anbieter von Cyberversicherungen für kleinere und mittelständische Unternehmen (KMU) haben Versicherungen die Erfahrung gemacht, dass trotz dieser eindeutigen Entwicklung Cyberrisiken immer noch unterschätzt werden, da sie als etwas Abstraktes wahrgenommen werden. Für KMU kann dies ein gefährlicher Trugschluss sein, da gerade hier Cyberattacken existenzbedrohende Ausmaße annehmen können. So wird noch häufig gefragt, was Cyberrisiken eigentlich sind. Diese Frage ist mehr als verständlich, denn ohne (Cyber-)Risiken bestünde auch kein Bedarf für eine (Cyber-)Versicherung.

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The Certified Public Finance Administrator (CPFA) designation means that an individual is committed to education and experience. To be eligible for this prestigious designation, an individual must:



Be the elected or appointed treasurer, deputy or assistant treasurer, employee in/or dealing with the office of treasurer or principal officer in the governmental entity who is charged with the performance or supervision of investments, debt, and/or treasury activities.

Be an active member of the APT US&C for at least twenty-four months before applying for the designation.

Believe in and practice APT US&C's Code of Ethics.

Accumulate at least 100 points from a combination of education and experience.



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Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTS)

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Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd APTUS

Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd is a retail-focused housing finance company that primarily serves low and middle-income self-employed customers in the rural and semi-urban markets of India. The company offers home loans to retail customers to purchase homes, construct residential property, house improvement and extension, loans against property, and business loans. It undertakes all types of lending activities such as sourcing, underwriting, valuation, and legal test of collateral, credit exam, and collection. The company's only segment is providing long-term housing finance, loans against property, and refinance loans. Geographically, it derives revenue from India.

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Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS) Share Price

What was Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd share price previously?

Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd share price was up by 0.45% from the previous closing price of ₹329.95.

Who are peers of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd?

The peers of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd are Bajaj Finance Ltd, Bajaj Finserv Ltd, Power Finance Corporation Ltd, REC Ltd, Cholamandalam Investment & Finance Company Ltd, Bajaj Holdings & Investment Ltd, HDFC Asset Management Company Ltd, Muthoot Finance Ltd, Aditya Birla Capital Ltd, L&T Finance Holdings Ltd, Sundaram Finance Ltd, Poonawalla Fincorp Ltd, Mahindra & Mahindra Financial Services Ltd,

Who is/are the promoter/promoters of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd?

The promotor/promotors of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd are MUNUSWAMY ANANDAN, KANDHERI MUNUSWAMY MOHANDASS, SANKARAN KRISHNAMURTHY, Krishnamurthy Vijayan, MONA KACHHWAHA, Kannan Vellur Gopalaraghavan, Shailesh J Mehta, Sumir Chadha, K P Balaraj, P. Balaji.

What has been 52-week high of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd stocks?

The highest price of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd stock is ₹343.00 in the last 52-week.

What is the share price of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS) today on NSE?

As on Jan 05, 2024, Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS)’s share price on NSE is Rs 331.45

What is the market cap of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS?)

The current market capitalisation of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS) is 16,536.84 crores

What is Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd Share symbol?

The symbol of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd is APTUS.

What is the PE ratio of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS)?

The current PE ratio of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS) is 29.95.

What is the PB ratio of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS)?

The current PB ratio of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS) is 4.66.

Today’s High & Low share prices of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS) on NSE?

Today, the share price of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS) on NSE touched a high of Rs 333.3 and a low of Rs 326.4

What price did Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS) shares open on the NSE today?

On NSE, the share price of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS) opened at Rs 330.05

What is the 52-week high of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS)?

The 52-week high price of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS) is Rs 343

What is the 52-week low of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS) ?

The 52-week low price of Aptus Value Housing Finance India Ltd (APTUS) is Rs 234.05


 




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Warum sind Cyberrisiken so schwer greifbar?

Als mehr oder weniger neuartiges Phänomen stellen Cyberrisiken Unternehmen und Versicherer vor besondere Herausforderungen. Nicht nur die neuen Schadenszenarien sind abstrakter oder noch nicht bekannt. Häufig sind immaterielle Werte durch Cyberrisiken in Gefahr. Diese wertvollen Vermögensgegenstände sind schwer bewertbar.

Obwohl die Gefahr durchaus wahrgenommen wird, unterschätzen viele Firmen ihr eigenes Risiko. Dies liegt unter anderem auch an den Veröffentlichungen zu Cyberrisiken. In der Presse finden sich unzählige Berichte von Cyberattacken auf namhafte und große Unternehmen. Den Weg in die Presse finden eben nur die spektakulären Fälle. Die dort genannten Schadenszenarien werden dann für das eigene Unternehmen als unrealistisch eingestuft. Die für die KMU nicht minder gefährlichen Cyber­attacken werden nur selten publiziert.

Aufgrund der fehlenden öffentlichen Meldungen von Sicherheitsvorfällen an Sicherheitsbehörden und wegen der fehlenden Presseberichte fällt es schwer, Fakten und Zahlen zur Risikolage zu erheben. Aber ohne diese Grundlage fällt es schwer, in entsprechende Sicherheitsmaßnahmen zu investieren.

Erklärungsleitfaden anhand eines Ursache-Wirkungs-Modells

Häufig nähert man sich dem Thema Cyberrisiko anlass- oder eventbezogen, also wenn sich neue Schaden­szenarien wie die weltweite WannaCry-Attacke entwickeln. Häufig wird auch akteursgebunden beleuchtet, wer Angreifer oder Opfer sein kann. Dadurch begrenzt man sich bei dem Thema häufig zu sehr nur auf die Cyberkriminalität. Um dem Thema Cyberrisiko jedoch gerecht zu werden, müssen auch weitere Ursachen hinzugezogen werden.

Mit einer Kategorisierung kann das Thema ganzheitlich und nachvollziehbar strukturiert werden. Ebenso hilft eine solche Kategorisierung dabei, eine Abgrenzung vorzunehmen, für welche Gefahren Versicherungsschutz über eine etwaige Cyberversicherung besteht und für welche nicht.

Die Ursachen sind dabei die Risiken, während finanzielle bzw. nicht finanzielle Verluste die Wirkungen sind. Cyberrisiken werden demnach in zwei Hauptursachen eingeteilt. Auf der einen Seite sind die nicht kriminellen Ursachen und auf der anderen Seite die kriminellen Ursachen zu nennen. Beide Ursachen können dabei in drei Untergruppen unterteilt werden.

Nicht kriminelle Ursachen

Höhere Gewalt

Häufig hat man bei dem Thema Cyberrisiko nur die kriminellen Ursachen vor Augen. Aber auch höhere Gewalt kann zu einem empfindlichen Datenverlust führen oder zumindest die Verfügbarkeit von Daten einschränken, indem Rechenzentren durch Naturkatastrophen wie beispielsweise Überschwemmungen oder Erdbeben zerstört werden. Ebenso sind Stromausfälle denkbar.

Menschliches Versagen/Fehlverhalten

Als Cyberrisiken sind auch unbeabsichtigtes und menschliches Fehlverhalten denkbar. Hierunter könnte das versehentliche Veröffentlichen von sensiblen Informationen fallen. Möglich sind eine falsche Adressierung, Wahl einer falschen Faxnummer oder das Hochladen sensibler Daten auf einen öffentlichen Bereich der Homepage.

Technisches Versagen

Auch Hardwaredefekte können zu einem herben Datenverlust führen. Neben einem Überhitzen von Rechnern sind Kurzschlüsse in Systemtechnik oder sogenannte Headcrashes von Festplatten denkbare Szenarien.

Kriminelle Ursachen

Hackerangriffe

Hackerangriffe oder Cyberattacken sind in der Regel die Szenarien, die die Presse dominieren. Häufig wird von spektakulären Datendiebstählen auf große Firmen oder von weltweiten Angriffen mit sogenannten Kryptotrojanern berichtet. Opfer kann am Ende aber jeder werden. Ziele, Methoden und auch das Interesse sind vielfältig. Neben dem finanziellen Interesse können Hackerangriffe auch zur Spionage oder Sabotage eingesetzt werden. Mögliche Hackermethoden sind unter anderem: Social Engineering, Trojaner, DoS-Attacken oder Viren.

Physischer Angriff

Die Zielsetzung eines physischen Angriffs ist ähnlich dem eines Hacker­angriffs. Dabei wird nicht auf die Tools eines Hackerangriffs zurückgegriffen, sondern durch das physische Eindringen in Unternehmensgebäude das Ziel erreicht. Häufig sind es Mitarbeiter, die vertrauliche Informationen stehlen, da sie bereits den notwendigen Zugang zu den Daten besitzen.

Erpressung

Obwohl die Erpressung aufgrund der eingesetzten Methoden auch als Hacker­angriff gewertet werden könnte, ergibt eine Differenzierung Sinn. Erpressungsfälle durch Kryptotrojaner sind eines der häufigsten Schadenszenarien für kleinere und mittelständische Unternehmen. Außerdem sind auch Erpressungsfälle denkbar, bei denen sensible Daten gestohlen wurden und ein Lösegeld gefordert wird, damit sie nicht veröffentlicht oder weiterverkauft werden.

Ihre Cyberversicherung sollte zumindet folgende Schäden abdecken:

Cyber-Kosten:

  • Soforthilfe und Forensik-Kosten (Kosten der Ursachenermittlung, Benachrichtigungskosten und Callcenter-Leistung)
  • Krisenkommunikation / PR-Maßnahmen
  • Systemverbesserungen nach einer Cyber-Attacke
  • Aufwendungen vor Eintritt des Versicherungsfalls

Cyber-Drittschäden (Haftpflicht):

  • Befriedigung oder Abwehr von Ansprüchen Dritter
  • Rechtswidrige elektronische Kommunikation
  • Ansprüche der E-Payment-Serviceprovider
  • Vertragsstrafe wegen der Verletzung von Geheimhaltungspflichten und Datenschutzvereinbarungen
  • Vertragliche Schadenersatzansprüche
  • Vertragliche Haftpflicht bei Datenverarbeitung durch Dritte
  • Rechtsverteidigungskosten

Cyber-Eigenschäden:

  • Betriebsunterbrechung
  • Betriebsunterbrechung durch Ausfall von Dienstleister (optional)
  • Mehrkosten
  • Wiederherstellung von Daten (auch Entfernen der Schadsoftware)
  • Cyber-Diebstahl: elektronischer Zahlungsverkehr, fehlerhafter Versand von Waren, Telefon-Mehrkosten/erhöhte Nutzungsentgelte
  • Cyber-Erpressung
  • Entschädigung mit Strafcharakter/Bußgeld
  • Ersatz-IT-Hardware
  • Cyber-Betrug