Was ist das eigentlich? Cyberrisiken verständlich erklärt

Es wird viel über Cyberrisiken gesprochen. Oftmals fehlt aber das grundsätzliche Verständnis, was Cyberrisiken überhaupt sind. Ohne diese zu verstehen, lässt sich aber auch kein Versicherungsschutz gestalten.

Beinahe alle Aktivitäten des täglichen Lebens können heute über das Internet abgewickelt werden. Online-Shopping und Online-Banking sind im Alltag angekommen. Diese Entwicklung trifft längst nicht nur auf Privatleute, sondern auch auf Firmen zu. Das Schlagwort Industrie 4.0 verheißt bereits eine zunehmende Vernetzung diverser geschäftlicher Vorgänge über das Internet.

Anbieter von Cyberversicherungen für kleinere und mittelständische Unternehmen (KMU) haben Versicherungen die Erfahrung gemacht, dass trotz dieser eindeutigen Entwicklung Cyberrisiken immer noch unterschätzt werden, da sie als etwas Abstraktes wahrgenommen werden. Für KMU kann dies ein gefährlicher Trugschluss sein, da gerade hier Cyberattacken existenzbedrohende Ausmaße annehmen können. So wird noch häufig gefragt, was Cyberrisiken eigentlich sind. Diese Frage ist mehr als verständlich, denn ohne (Cyber-)Risiken bestünde auch kein Bedarf für eine (Cyber-)Versicherung.

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Microsoft DP-420 : Designing and Implementing Cloud-Native Applications Using Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB ACTUAL EXAM QUESTIONS

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Exam Number : DP-420
Exam Name : Designing and Implementing Cloud-Native Applications Using Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB
Vendor Name : Microsoft
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Microsoft Implementing Study Guide

 

Microsoft Edge Deployment Guide for Business

Internet Explorer, which once ruled the market, is going to be discontinued. However, Microsoft is doing everything it can to regain those lost users and “Microsoft Edge” is their new bet. Since Internet Explorer is on the way out, it is time for businesses to migrate to Microsoft Edge. This Microsoft Edge Deployment Guide for Business will help you with just that!

Microsoft Edge Deployment Guide for Business

Microsoft Edge Deployment Guide for Business

Keeping numbers aside, Microsoft Edge is not bad a browser. It’s just that the competition has conquered the market in a way that it’s very tough for a sea of users to switch back.

Just like Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge is based on Chromium and you can use Bookmarks of many different browsers in Edge. So, Microsoft Edge is not an alien browser, if you were using Chrome or any other browser for that matter you won’t find it completely peculiar.

Microsoft Edge is now faster, more secure, and has all the other frills that you need in a daily browser.  But if they are going to use Microsoft Edge for Business, entrusting your privacy with Edge can make you skeptical. So, to confirm this, you can check the source code of Chromium as it is open-source.

Edge for Business gives the admin control over all the other clients. The System Administrative controls the administrating settings and updates.

Read: Group Policies to configure Redirection to Microsoft Edge.

IE Mode in Microsoft Edge

enable Internet Explorer Mode

Microsoft Edge, as you may know, uses the Chromium algorithm to render most of the sites. However, to render legacy sites, it uses the Trident (MSHTML) engine from Internet Explorer 11. Because of this, it supports even archaic sites.

When you load a website with IE mode on, a small logo of Internet Explorer appears in the navigation bar. If you want to know more, just click on the IE logo to see a drop-down wizard.

But to use this, you need to enable Internet Explorer mode in Microsoft Edge.

Deploy Microsoft Edge for Business

These are the two ways by which you can deploy Microsoft Edge for Business.

  • By Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager
  • By Intune
  • Let us talk about them in detail.

    1] Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager

    In the latest version of Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, there is deployment flow for MS Edge. So, it will summon every required information in the process by itself saving some of your time and labor.

    So, to deploy Microsoft Edge, follow these steps.

  • Open Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager and from Software Library, select Microsoft Edge Management.
  • Click Create Management Edge Application.
  • Give it a name, select a location, and click Next.
  • Select a Channel, version, check or uncheck “Allow Microsoft Edge to automatically update the version of the client on the end user’s device”, and click Next.
  • In the Deployment tab, select Yes and click Next.
  • Now, follow the on-screen instructions to deploy Microsoft Edge.
  • This is how you deploy Microsoft Edge. However, this is not the only method, if you are familiar with Intune and want to use that to deploy the browser, read the next section.

    Read: Use Group Policy to disable Internet Explorer 11 as a standalone browser.

    2] By Intune

    Microsoft Edge is fully integrated with Intune and you don’t need to download any installation package to get started with it. So, let us see how to deploy Edge with Intune.

  • Login to Intune with your Microsoft account.
  • Click Apps > All Apps > Add.
  • Select an OS and click Next.
  • In the App Infomation tab, fill the necessary information and click Next.
  • In the App Settings tab, select the Channel and click Next.
  • Keep moving further and configuring the deployment the way you want.
  • This is how you deploy Edge with the help of Intune.

    In a similar manner, you can deploy Edge for mobile as well. Just click Apps > Mobile Platform (ios or Android) from the Platforms section. Now, follow the above-mentioned steps to deploy.

    Which Edge channel to choose

    By looking at the steps to deploy Microsoft Edge, one question may have piqued your curiosity, which channel should I choose? So, let us answer this question by looking at each of them simultaneously.

    The following are the three channels of Microsoft Edge for Business.

  • Stable Channel
  • Beta Channel
  • Dev Channel
  • Let us talk about them in detail.

    1] Stable Channel

    Stable Channel is for the masses. It is the most complete version of the browser and, in most cases, it is subjected to broad deployment. It is what most clients will work on, so, you may have to do deploy them in abundance.

    It gets updated from Microsoft every six weeks adding more features to its arsenal. However, the security updates arrive when needed.

    Read: Redirect sites from IE to Microsoft Edge using Group Policy.

    2] Beta Channel

    Beta software, as you may know, is software in its testing stage, it is crude and not very stable. Beta Channel of Microsoft Edge is no exception.

    You deploy this channel to a small set of individuals looking to test the software and inform the developers to reform the software before getting the Stable update which you are going to deploy to the masses.

    They get updated every six weeks and the current version of the channel will only be supported until the next version comes out.

    3] Dev Channel

    Last but not least, they have Dev Channel. It is a cruder version of Beta Channel and provides you with an opportunity to try and test the upcoming features. Many enterprises do not deploy this but if you want you can assign a set of client users to work on this channel and keep your company informed about the next Beta release.

    Now, depending on your choice, you can pick one. Most admins end up deploying the Stable channel to almost all users and keeping the Preview Channels, Beta and Dev, for a very small set of clients. You can download any of the mentioned Edge channels for your OS from microsoft.com.

    System Administrators may want to download the Microsoft Customer Adoption Kit here from microsoft.com

    Hopefully, this guide has helped you in getting all the required information about Microsoft Edge for Business.

    Microsoft Edge Deployment Guide for Business

    Microsoft Dogged By Sharepoint Support Issues - Study

    Office Sharepoint Server 2007 is a workflow and collaboration engine that integrates with the Office platform and features Web content management, enterprise content services, enterprise search, and business process and business intelligence tools. Increasingly, it's also being used as an application development platform.

    This broad feature set has helped fuel Sharepoint's popularity, but according to a accurate study by London, Ontario-based research firm Info-Tech, nearly a quarter of the 258 organizations surveyed were either 'dissatisfied' or 'very dissatisfied' with Microsoft's support for Sharepoint.

    While Microsoft is pleased with the strong demand for SharePoint Server 2007, "the rapid adoption has caused some strain on their consulting and support services teams," a Microsoft spokesperson said via email.

    As a result, Microsoft plans to train more partners, Improve and intensify training programs for current and future Microsoft Consulting Services (MCS) and Premier Field Engineer (PFE) reps, hire additional specialists, and work individually with customers to resolve their issues, according to the spokesperson.

    One solution provider and Microsoft Gold partner says the support logjam is a direct result of Microsoft's approach to offering Sharepoint training to the channel, which involves plenty of low level instruction on how to install Sharepoint, but not enough higher level training.

    "There is a dearth of higher level SharePoint education and advanced level training. Perhaps if Microsoft provided some higher level training, the support would not be necessary," said the source, who requested anonymity.

    Sharepoint's broad range of functionality and high level of customizability are important selling points, but they also mean that Sharepoint issues that customers encounter are highly individualized and difficult for support staff to deal with, says Fen Yik, the research analyst who authored the Info-Tech report.

    "Microsoft just wasn't prepared to meet the demand for Sharepoint support. But there's definitely an opportunity for channel partners to fill the gap until Microsoft catches up," Yik said.

    Some solution providers have been getting a steady stream of business from companies looking for strategic help in Sharepoint design and implementation. Tyler Roye, senior executive officer at MindSHIFT, a Fairfax, Va.-based solution provider, believes this is an area of opportunity that will remain lucrative for the channel for years to come.

    "Sharepoint allows you to do so many different things, and it's up to us to help organizations prioritize their goals," he said.


     


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    Warum sind Cyberrisiken so schwer greifbar?

    Als mehr oder weniger neuartiges Phänomen stellen Cyberrisiken Unternehmen und Versicherer vor besondere Herausforderungen. Nicht nur die neuen Schadenszenarien sind abstrakter oder noch nicht bekannt. Häufig sind immaterielle Werte durch Cyberrisiken in Gefahr. Diese wertvollen Vermögensgegenstände sind schwer bewertbar.

    Obwohl die Gefahr durchaus wahrgenommen wird, unterschätzen viele Firmen ihr eigenes Risiko. Dies liegt unter anderem auch an den Veröffentlichungen zu Cyberrisiken. In der Presse finden sich unzählige Berichte von Cyberattacken auf namhafte und große Unternehmen. Den Weg in die Presse finden eben nur die spektakulären Fälle. Die dort genannten Schadenszenarien werden dann für das eigene Unternehmen als unrealistisch eingestuft. Die für die KMU nicht minder gefährlichen Cyber­attacken werden nur selten publiziert.

    Aufgrund der fehlenden öffentlichen Meldungen von Sicherheitsvorfällen an Sicherheitsbehörden und wegen der fehlenden Presseberichte fällt es schwer, Fakten und Zahlen zur Risikolage zu erheben. Aber ohne diese Grundlage fällt es schwer, in entsprechende Sicherheitsmaßnahmen zu investieren.

    Erklärungsleitfaden anhand eines Ursache-Wirkungs-Modells

    Häufig nähert man sich dem Thema Cyberrisiko anlass- oder eventbezogen, also wenn sich neue Schaden­szenarien wie die weltweite WannaCry-Attacke entwickeln. Häufig wird auch akteursgebunden beleuchtet, wer Angreifer oder Opfer sein kann. Dadurch begrenzt man sich bei dem Thema häufig zu sehr nur auf die Cyberkriminalität. Um dem Thema Cyberrisiko jedoch gerecht zu werden, müssen auch weitere Ursachen hinzugezogen werden.

    Mit einer Kategorisierung kann das Thema ganzheitlich und nachvollziehbar strukturiert werden. Ebenso hilft eine solche Kategorisierung dabei, eine Abgrenzung vorzunehmen, für welche Gefahren Versicherungsschutz über eine etwaige Cyberversicherung besteht und für welche nicht.

    Die Ursachen sind dabei die Risiken, während finanzielle bzw. nicht finanzielle Verluste die Wirkungen sind. Cyberrisiken werden demnach in zwei Hauptursachen eingeteilt. Auf der einen Seite sind die nicht kriminellen Ursachen und auf der anderen Seite die kriminellen Ursachen zu nennen. Beide Ursachen können dabei in drei Untergruppen unterteilt werden.

    Nicht kriminelle Ursachen

    Höhere Gewalt

    Häufig hat man bei dem Thema Cyberrisiko nur die kriminellen Ursachen vor Augen. Aber auch höhere Gewalt kann zu einem empfindlichen Datenverlust führen oder zumindest die Verfügbarkeit von Daten einschränken, indem Rechenzentren durch Naturkatastrophen wie beispielsweise Überschwemmungen oder Erdbeben zerstört werden. Ebenso sind Stromausfälle denkbar.

    Menschliches Versagen/Fehlverhalten

    Als Cyberrisiken sind auch unbeabsichtigtes und menschliches Fehlverhalten denkbar. Hierunter könnte das versehentliche Veröffentlichen von sensiblen Informationen fallen. Möglich sind eine falsche Adressierung, Wahl einer falschen Faxnummer oder das Hochladen sensibler Daten auf einen öffentlichen Bereich der Homepage.

    Technisches Versagen

    Auch Hardwaredefekte können zu einem herben Datenverlust führen. Neben einem Überhitzen von Rechnern sind Kurzschlüsse in Systemtechnik oder sogenannte Headcrashes von Festplatten denkbare Szenarien.

    Kriminelle Ursachen

    Hackerangriffe

    Hackerangriffe oder Cyberattacken sind in der Regel die Szenarien, die die Presse dominieren. Häufig wird von spektakulären Datendiebstählen auf große Firmen oder von weltweiten Angriffen mit sogenannten Kryptotrojanern berichtet. Opfer kann am Ende aber jeder werden. Ziele, Methoden und auch das Interesse sind vielfältig. Neben dem finanziellen Interesse können Hackerangriffe auch zur Spionage oder Sabotage eingesetzt werden. Mögliche Hackermethoden sind unter anderem: Social Engineering, Trojaner, DoS-Attacken oder Viren.

    Physischer Angriff

    Die Zielsetzung eines physischen Angriffs ist ähnlich dem eines Hacker­angriffs. Dabei wird nicht auf die Tools eines Hackerangriffs zurückgegriffen, sondern durch das physische Eindringen in Unternehmensgebäude das Ziel erreicht. Häufig sind es Mitarbeiter, die vertrauliche Informationen stehlen, da sie bereits den notwendigen Zugang zu den Daten besitzen.

    Erpressung

    Obwohl die Erpressung aufgrund der eingesetzten Methoden auch als Hacker­angriff gewertet werden könnte, ergibt eine Differenzierung Sinn. Erpressungsfälle durch Kryptotrojaner sind eines der häufigsten Schadenszenarien für kleinere und mittelständische Unternehmen. Außerdem sind auch Erpressungsfälle denkbar, bei denen sensible Daten gestohlen wurden und ein Lösegeld gefordert wird, damit sie nicht veröffentlicht oder weiterverkauft werden.

    Ihre Cyberversicherung sollte zumindet folgende Schäden abdecken:

    Cyber-Kosten:

    • Soforthilfe und Forensik-Kosten (Kosten der Ursachenermittlung, Benachrichtigungskosten und Callcenter-Leistung)
    • Krisenkommunikation / PR-Maßnahmen
    • Systemverbesserungen nach einer Cyber-Attacke
    • Aufwendungen vor Eintritt des Versicherungsfalls

    Cyber-Drittschäden (Haftpflicht):

    • Befriedigung oder Abwehr von Ansprüchen Dritter
    • Rechtswidrige elektronische Kommunikation
    • Ansprüche der E-Payment-Serviceprovider
    • Vertragsstrafe wegen der Verletzung von Geheimhaltungspflichten und Datenschutzvereinbarungen
    • Vertragliche Schadenersatzansprüche
    • Vertragliche Haftpflicht bei Datenverarbeitung durch Dritte
    • Rechtsverteidigungskosten

    Cyber-Eigenschäden:

    • Betriebsunterbrechung
    • Betriebsunterbrechung durch Ausfall von Dienstleister (optional)
    • Mehrkosten
    • Wiederherstellung von Daten (auch Entfernen der Schadsoftware)
    • Cyber-Diebstahl: elektronischer Zahlungsverkehr, fehlerhafter Versand von Waren, Telefon-Mehrkosten/erhöhte Nutzungsentgelte
    • Cyber-Erpressung
    • Entschädigung mit Strafcharakter/Bußgeld
    • Ersatz-IT-Hardware
    • Cyber-Betrug