Was ist das eigentlich? Cyberrisiken verständlich erklärt

Es wird viel über Cyberrisiken gesprochen. Oftmals fehlt aber das grundsätzliche Verständnis, was Cyberrisiken überhaupt sind. Ohne diese zu verstehen, lässt sich aber auch kein Versicherungsschutz gestalten.

Beinahe alle Aktivitäten des täglichen Lebens können heute über das Internet abgewickelt werden. Online-Shopping und Online-Banking sind im Alltag angekommen. Diese Entwicklung trifft längst nicht nur auf Privatleute, sondern auch auf Firmen zu. Das Schlagwort Industrie 4.0 verheißt bereits eine zunehmende Vernetzung diverser geschäftlicher Vorgänge über das Internet.

Anbieter von Cyberversicherungen für kleinere und mittelständische Unternehmen (KMU) haben Versicherungen die Erfahrung gemacht, dass trotz dieser eindeutigen Entwicklung Cyberrisiken immer noch unterschätzt werden, da sie als etwas Abstraktes wahrgenommen werden. Für KMU kann dies ein gefährlicher Trugschluss sein, da gerade hier Cyberattacken existenzbedrohende Ausmaße annehmen können. So wird noch häufig gefragt, was Cyberrisiken eigentlich sind. Diese Frage ist mehr als verständlich, denn ohne (Cyber-)Risiken bestünde auch kein Bedarf für eine (Cyber-)Versicherung.

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Exam Number : SPLK-1001
Exam Name : Splunk Core Certified User
Vendor Name : Splunk
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SPLK-1001 test Format | SPLK-1001 Course Contents | SPLK-1001 Course Outline | SPLK-1001 test Syllabus | SPLK-1001 test Objectives


A Splunk Core Certified User is able to search, use fields, create alerts, use look-ups, and create basic statistical reports and dashboards in either the Splunk Enterprise or Splunk Cloud platforms. This optional entry-level certification demonstrates an individual's basic ability to navigate and use Splunk software. The prerequisite course listed below is highly recommended, but not required for candidates to register for the certification exam.



As part of their programs partnership with PearsonVUE, all test registrants must adhere to a few
universal guidelines (no exceptions):

● Must have a Splunk.com account/username, linked to a valid, current email address.

● Must create an account with PearsonVUE: home.pearsonvue.com/splunk. Note: the name
used for test registration must match the full name on candidates photo ID.

● Must be at least 18 years of age. Candidates age 13-17 who wish to participate must
provide a signed parental acknowledgement form (available as Exhibit 1, attached to the
Splunk Certification Agreement, included on page 19).

● Must pay the registration fee of $125 per test attempt (or $500 for 5 test registrations).

● Must provide valid photo ID and a second form of identification showing legal name (e.g.
credit card, military ID, student ID, etc.) at the time of exam. To view the full ID policy,
please click here.

● Must agree to Splunk Certification Agreement (see page 13, also found here).

● Must agree to the Pearson VUE Candidate Rules Agreement (found here).

● Candidates who wish to schedule an test appointment using the online portal must agree
to the Pearson VUE Facial Recognition Policy. See Appendix D for more information.

● Online proctoring candidates must meet the PearsonVUE system requirements



EXAM RESULTS/SCORE REPORTING

Immediately after submitting the exam, the candidates results (pass or fail) will be displayed. For
candidates testing onsite, a printout of these results will be provided by the on-site proctor.

Candidates testing via online proctoring will not receive a hard copy of their results, but will have
the option to print a score report via their Pearson online account.

Candidates (both onsite and online) who pass the test will not receive any additional feedback
regarding test performance.

Unsuccessful candidates (both onsite and online) can access additional information (including
section feedback) via their Pearson online account.



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Splunk Splunk PDF Dumps

 

AI-Driven Innovations Unveiled: Bolstering Security, Customer Experience, And Visibility

TOPSHOT - A live demonstration uses artificial intelligence (Photo by DAVID MCNEW/AFP via Getty ... [+] Images)

AFP via Getty Images

Splunk's .conf23 Conference Marks a Major Pivot into AI-Powered Solutions, Elevating Security and Customer Productivity

The debate rages on around AI disrupting the workforce and, in some cases, completely dislocating key positions. According to latest research by McKinsey, in the coming decade, 20-30% of the time workers spend on the job could be transformed by automation technologies, leading to significant shifts in the skills required to succeed.

The AI gold rush also sees tech vendors rushing to “AI-wash” offerings as they rush to capitalize on the zeitgeist and secure a public market stock boost as a result. Against this backdrop, the announcements from Splunk are groundbreaking, but not surprising. Splunk is a leading security and observability provider and made an ambitious pivot to AI at its annual user conference, .conf23. The newly-announced innovations are poised to impact the market landscape by bolstering security operations, enhancing customer experiences, and offering unparalleled visibility in hybrid cloud environments. With more than 14,000 global customers, the implications of Splunk's strategic pivot to AI are profound and are a key indicator for other vendors in this space.

During the Splunk event, I had the chance to have dinner with Min Wang, the relatively new CTO at Splunk, and in their wide-ranging discussion, they spoke about the debate raging in the mainstream press that AI will disrupt the job market. Their conversation also focused on the broader secular trends facing IT executives; as tech infrastructure becomes more complex and distributed and with ongoing talent shortages, organizations need tools that enable them to act swiftly and efficiently without exhausting their teams.

"Splunk sees generative AI as a transformative technology to unlock enormous productivity improvement, rather than a replacement for key security and IT operations personnel," Wang told me. "We see co-pilots and generative AI as delivering huge value to IT operations and security teams and freeing them up from mundane tasks and allowing them to focus on higher-order activities, rather than the alternative, which would be AI replacing these teams."

My key takeaway from my conversation with Wang, as well as my discussion with CEO Gary Steele, was that the company's vision for generative AI is crystalizing as a revolutionary tool to drive substantial productivity gains, prioritizing its role as a co-pilot to IT operations and security teams, rather than a replacement for key personnel. This approach reflects Splunk's longstanding commitment to empowering teams, freeing them from mundane tasks, and enabling a focus on higher-order activities amidst the growing complexities of tech infrastructure and talent shortages in the industry.

Splunk Unveils Game-Changing AI-Infused Security and Observability Advancements

Security teams are overwhelmed with managing an increasingly dynamic and sprawling threat attack surface, so a key solution among the new offerings is the Splunk Attack Analyzer, an automated threat analysis tool infused with machine learning (ML) and AI capabilities. This powerful solution enables security operations teams to identify and respond to potential threats swiftly, leveraging insights from security telemetry data and providing crucial context about the attack's source, affected systems, and potential impact. The Splunk Attack Analyzer leverages AI to detect and contextualize threats from diverse data sources, while the Splunk App for Anomaly Detection simplifies operational workflows with ML.

Additionally, Splunk integrates the Observability Cloud and Cloud Platform to offer a unified view of customer-facing systems. This seamless integration spans application, infrastructure, and data, facilitating rapid identification and resolution of customer-impacting issues for an enhanced customer experience and improved business success.

Undoubtedly, the show's star was Splunk Edge Hub, making a bold entry into the hardware market in partnership with US based firm Actineon running ARM processors. This move brings observability to the far edge, providing out-of-the-box metrics and reporting for various operational technology (OT) variables, including environmental monitoring. Splunk's Edge Hub offers comprehensive visibility across IT and OT environments and enables AI to deliver predictive analytics to the far edge, where observability and robust security have been challenges for many customers.

The Edge Hub will Boost manufacturing processes by detecting anomalies early on, optimizing resource allocation, and enhancing overall efficiency. The collaboration with industry experts empowers businesses in traditionally data-inaccessible sectors like transportation, oil and gas, and supply chain industries, unlocking new insights and driving innovation.

Finally, the state-of-the-art Splunk AI Assistant provides rapid answers to complex questions, powered by ML and automating tasks like report generation and alert creation. As with the others mentioned, this solution will provide significant value to overstretched teams and are all examples of how they should frame the AI revolution going on as it relates to IT operations and security. Splunk's latest offerings are set to reshape the cybersecurity and observability landscape, equipping businesses with essential tools to thrive in a rapidly evolving digital landscape.

Splunk Accelerates Innovation

Under the leadership of CEO Gary Steele, Splunk has become more focused, streamlined, and innovation driven. The strategic shift toward AI showcased during .conf23, highlights the company's relentless pursuit of increased innovation speed, after what could be argued was a brief pause in innovation before Steele’s tenure.

In the fast-evolving landscape of hybrid multi-cloud environments, these AI announcements are a lifeline for overwhelmed IT Operations and security teams, providing them with indispensable support and the necessary tools to navigate complexity.

As the Edge Hub and AI-powered solutions gain momentum, Splunk's mission to enhance observability and security aligns well with robust market trends. With a strong market presence and customer base, Splunk is positioning itself as an industry leader committed to elevating security standards, customer experiences, and visibility in the digital realm. As the business landscape continues to evolve, operations teams remain overwhelmed, and the security threat landscape remains dynamic, Splunk's AI-driven innovations will undoubtedly remain at the forefront of transformative solutions for organizations of all scales.


Splunk Inc.

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Warum sind Cyberrisiken so schwer greifbar?

Als mehr oder weniger neuartiges Phänomen stellen Cyberrisiken Unternehmen und Versicherer vor besondere Herausforderungen. Nicht nur die neuen Schadenszenarien sind abstrakter oder noch nicht bekannt. Häufig sind immaterielle Werte durch Cyberrisiken in Gefahr. Diese wertvollen Vermögensgegenstände sind schwer bewertbar.

Obwohl die Gefahr durchaus wahrgenommen wird, unterschätzen viele Firmen ihr eigenes Risiko. Dies liegt unter anderem auch an den Veröffentlichungen zu Cyberrisiken. In der Presse finden sich unzählige Berichte von Cyberattacken auf namhafte und große Unternehmen. Den Weg in die Presse finden eben nur die spektakulären Fälle. Die dort genannten Schadenszenarien werden dann für das eigene Unternehmen als unrealistisch eingestuft. Die für die KMU nicht minder gefährlichen Cyber­attacken werden nur selten publiziert.

Aufgrund der fehlenden öffentlichen Meldungen von Sicherheitsvorfällen an Sicherheitsbehörden und wegen der fehlenden Presseberichte fällt es schwer, Fakten und Zahlen zur Risikolage zu erheben. Aber ohne diese Grundlage fällt es schwer, in entsprechende Sicherheitsmaßnahmen zu investieren.

Erklärungsleitfaden anhand eines Ursache-Wirkungs-Modells

Häufig nähert man sich dem Thema Cyberrisiko anlass- oder eventbezogen, also wenn sich neue Schaden­szenarien wie die weltweite WannaCry-Attacke entwickeln. Häufig wird auch akteursgebunden beleuchtet, wer Angreifer oder Opfer sein kann. Dadurch begrenzt man sich bei dem Thema häufig zu sehr nur auf die Cyberkriminalität. Um dem Thema Cyberrisiko jedoch gerecht zu werden, müssen auch weitere Ursachen hinzugezogen werden.

Mit einer Kategorisierung kann das Thema ganzheitlich und nachvollziehbar strukturiert werden. Ebenso hilft eine solche Kategorisierung dabei, eine Abgrenzung vorzunehmen, für welche Gefahren Versicherungsschutz über eine etwaige Cyberversicherung besteht und für welche nicht.

Die Ursachen sind dabei die Risiken, während finanzielle bzw. nicht finanzielle Verluste die Wirkungen sind. Cyberrisiken werden demnach in zwei Hauptursachen eingeteilt. Auf der einen Seite sind die nicht kriminellen Ursachen und auf der anderen Seite die kriminellen Ursachen zu nennen. Beide Ursachen können dabei in drei Untergruppen unterteilt werden.

Nicht kriminelle Ursachen

Höhere Gewalt

Häufig hat man bei dem Thema Cyberrisiko nur die kriminellen Ursachen vor Augen. Aber auch höhere Gewalt kann zu einem empfindlichen Datenverlust führen oder zumindest die Verfügbarkeit von Daten einschränken, indem Rechenzentren durch Naturkatastrophen wie beispielsweise Überschwemmungen oder Erdbeben zerstört werden. Ebenso sind Stromausfälle denkbar.

Menschliches Versagen/Fehlverhalten

Als Cyberrisiken sind auch unbeabsichtigtes und menschliches Fehlverhalten denkbar. Hierunter könnte das versehentliche Veröffentlichen von sensiblen Informationen fallen. Möglich sind eine falsche Adressierung, Wahl einer falschen Faxnummer oder das Hochladen sensibler Daten auf einen öffentlichen Bereich der Homepage.

Technisches Versagen

Auch Hardwaredefekte können zu einem herben Datenverlust führen. Neben einem Überhitzen von Rechnern sind Kurzschlüsse in Systemtechnik oder sogenannte Headcrashes von Festplatten denkbare Szenarien.

Kriminelle Ursachen

Hackerangriffe

Hackerangriffe oder Cyberattacken sind in der Regel die Szenarien, die die Presse dominieren. Häufig wird von spektakulären Datendiebstählen auf große Firmen oder von weltweiten Angriffen mit sogenannten Kryptotrojanern berichtet. Opfer kann am Ende aber jeder werden. Ziele, Methoden und auch das Interesse sind vielfältig. Neben dem finanziellen Interesse können Hackerangriffe auch zur Spionage oder Sabotage eingesetzt werden. Mögliche Hackermethoden sind unter anderem: Social Engineering, Trojaner, DoS-Attacken oder Viren.

Physischer Angriff

Die Zielsetzung eines physischen Angriffs ist ähnlich dem eines Hacker­angriffs. Dabei wird nicht auf die Tools eines Hackerangriffs zurückgegriffen, sondern durch das physische Eindringen in Unternehmensgebäude das Ziel erreicht. Häufig sind es Mitarbeiter, die vertrauliche Informationen stehlen, da sie bereits den notwendigen Zugang zu den Daten besitzen.

Erpressung

Obwohl die Erpressung aufgrund der eingesetzten Methoden auch als Hacker­angriff gewertet werden könnte, ergibt eine Differenzierung Sinn. Erpressungsfälle durch Kryptotrojaner sind eines der häufigsten Schadenszenarien für kleinere und mittelständische Unternehmen. Außerdem sind auch Erpressungsfälle denkbar, bei denen sensible Daten gestohlen wurden und ein Lösegeld gefordert wird, damit sie nicht veröffentlicht oder weiterverkauft werden.

Ihre Cyberversicherung sollte zumindet folgende Schäden abdecken:

Cyber-Kosten:

  • Soforthilfe und Forensik-Kosten (Kosten der Ursachenermittlung, Benachrichtigungskosten und Callcenter-Leistung)
  • Krisenkommunikation / PR-Maßnahmen
  • Systemverbesserungen nach einer Cyber-Attacke
  • Aufwendungen vor Eintritt des Versicherungsfalls

Cyber-Drittschäden (Haftpflicht):

  • Befriedigung oder Abwehr von Ansprüchen Dritter
  • Rechtswidrige elektronische Kommunikation
  • Ansprüche der E-Payment-Serviceprovider
  • Vertragsstrafe wegen der Verletzung von Geheimhaltungspflichten und Datenschutzvereinbarungen
  • Vertragliche Schadenersatzansprüche
  • Vertragliche Haftpflicht bei Datenverarbeitung durch Dritte
  • Rechtsverteidigungskosten

Cyber-Eigenschäden:

  • Betriebsunterbrechung
  • Betriebsunterbrechung durch Ausfall von Dienstleister (optional)
  • Mehrkosten
  • Wiederherstellung von Daten (auch Entfernen der Schadsoftware)
  • Cyber-Diebstahl: elektronischer Zahlungsverkehr, fehlerhafter Versand von Waren, Telefon-Mehrkosten/erhöhte Nutzungsentgelte
  • Cyber-Erpressung
  • Entschädigung mit Strafcharakter/Bußgeld
  • Ersatz-IT-Hardware
  • Cyber-Betrug