Was ist das eigentlich? Cyberrisiken verständlich erklärt

Es wird viel über Cyberrisiken gesprochen. Oftmals fehlt aber das grundsätzliche Verständnis, was Cyberrisiken überhaupt sind. Ohne diese zu verstehen, lässt sich aber auch kein Versicherungsschutz gestalten.

Beinahe alle Aktivitäten des täglichen Lebens können heute über das Internet abgewickelt werden. Online-Shopping und Online-Banking sind im Alltag angekommen. Diese Entwicklung trifft längst nicht nur auf Privatleute, sondern auch auf Firmen zu. Das Schlagwort Industrie 4.0 verheißt bereits eine zunehmende Vernetzung diverser geschäftlicher Vorgänge über das Internet.

Anbieter von Cyberversicherungen für kleinere und mittelständische Unternehmen (KMU) haben Versicherungen die Erfahrung gemacht, dass trotz dieser eindeutigen Entwicklung Cyberrisiken immer noch unterschätzt werden, da sie als etwas Abstraktes wahrgenommen werden. Für KMU kann dies ein gefährlicher Trugschluss sein, da gerade hier Cyberattacken existenzbedrohende Ausmaße annehmen können. So wird noch häufig gefragt, was Cyberrisiken eigentlich sind. Diese Frage ist mehr als verständlich, denn ohne (Cyber-)Risiken bestünde auch kein Bedarf für eine (Cyber-)Versicherung.

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Salesforce ADM-201 : Administration Essentials for New Admins ADM201 exam Dumps

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Exam Number : ADM-201
Exam Name : Administration Essentials for New Admins ADM201
Vendor Name : Salesforce
Update : Click Here to Check Latest Update
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ADM-201 exam Format | ADM-201 Course Contents | ADM-201 Course Outline | ADM-201 exam Syllabus | ADM-201 exam Objectives

Exam ID : ADM-201

Exam Title : Administration Essentials for New Admins ADM201 (Salesforce)

Questions : 60

Pass Marks : 65%

Duration : 105 minutes

Exam Type : Multiple Choice

Administration Essentials for New Admins is designed for:

• New system administrators responsible for the setup, configuration, and maintenance of their organizations Salesforce applications

• Other groups that would benefit from deepening their knowledge of Salesforce, including power users, sales operations, and IT managers

You can take this course in person or in a virtual classroom. Participants can save travel expenses by taking the class virtually. Both formats provide demonstrations, hands-on exercises, and personal attention from the instructor as well as interaction with your peers. For the virtual class, all you need is a web browser and a telephone to watch, listen, and get hands-on experience with the application.

Customize your application, including page layouts, fields, tabs, and business processes

• Create a secure Salesforce environment

• Maintain and import clean data

• Create high-value reports and dashboards

• Set up workflow automation

Getting Around the App

• Understand the data model and navigation

• Find answers in Help & Training

Getting Your Organization Ready for Users

• Set up the company profile

• Configure the user interface

• Set up activities and calendars

• Configure search settings

• Set up Chatter

Setting Up and Managing Users

• Manage user profiles

• Create and manage users

• Troubleshoot user login issues

• Understand SalesforceA capabilities

• Set up Chatter Free and Chatter external users

• Understand Salesforce1 settings

Security and Data Access

• Restrict logins

• Determine object access

• Set up record access

• Manage record access with the role hierarchy

• Deal with record access exceptions

• Control access to events

• Manage field-level security

Customization: Fields

• Administer standard fields

• Create new custom fields

• Create selection fields: picklists and lookups

• Create formula fields

• Work with page layouts

• Work with record types and business processes

• Maintain data quality

Managing Data

• Import new records using import wizards

• Update existing records with the data loader

• Keep records up to date with Data.com and social accounts and contacts

• Mass transfer records between users

• Back up data with a weekly export

• Mass delete records

Reports and Dashboards

• Run and modify reports

• Create new reports with the report builder

• Filter reports

• Summarize report data with formulas and visual summaries

• Print, export, and email reports

• Build dashboards Automation

• Manage email administration

• Set up workflow rules and Process Builder

• Automate leads and cases

Managing the Support Process

For virtual classroom attendees, this content is delivered as an online module.

• Automate the support process

• Understand the Salesforce Console

• Enable collaboration in the Service Cloud

• Analyze support data with reports and dashboards

The Salesforce Certified Administrator exam has the following characteristics:

 Content: 60 multiple-choice/multiple-select questions

 Time allotted to complete the exam: 105 minutes

 Passing score: 65%

 Registration fee: USD 200, plus applicable taxes as required per local law

 Retake fee: USD 100, plus applicable taxes as required per local law

 Delivery options: Proctored exam delivered onsite at a testing center or in an online proctored environment. Click here for information on scheduling an exam.

 References: No hard-copy or online materials may be referenced during the exam.

 Prerequisite: None required; course attendance highly recommended

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Salesforce New exam syllabus


IPPB Executive Syllabus 2023: PDF Download, Subject Wise Topics, exam Pattern

 IPPB Executive Syllabus 2023: The India Post Payments Bank Limited (IPPB) has invited applications for the recruitment of Executive posts on a contractual basis. IPPB Executive Syllabus PDF obtain and exam Pattern here.

IPPB Executive Syllabus 2023: The India Post Payments Bank Limited (IPPB)  releases an official IPPB Executive notification every year to recruit eligible aspirants for Executive on a contractual basis. The candidates are selected for IPPB Executive posts based on their performance in an online exam, group discussion, and interview round. All interested and eligible candidates should check the latest IPPB Executive syllabus and exam pattern and plan their strategy accordingly.

Along with the IPPB Executive syllabus, candidates must also check the IPPB Executive exam pattern to get familiar with the exam format, number of questions, maximum marks, and marking scheme prescribed by the officials. As per the previous year's exam analysis, it is found that the questions asked in the IPPB Executive exam were easy to moderate level. So, aspirants should check the official IPPB Executive exam syllabus for effective preparation.

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In this blog, they have shared a detailed IPPB Executive syllabus PDF, including the IPPB Executive exam pattern, preparation strategy, and a list of the best books here.

IPPB Executive Syllabus 2023

Here is the major overview of the IPPB Executive syllabus and exam pattern shared below for the reference of aspirants.

IPPB Executive Syllabus 2023

Exam Conducting Body

India Post Payments Bank Limited (IPPB)

Post Name





IPPB Executive Syllabus and exam Pattern

Selection Process

Online Exam, Group Discussion, and Interview

Maximum Marks



2 hours

Negative Marking

1/4th mark for every incorrect answer

IPPB Executive Syllabus 2023 PDF

Aspirants must obtain the IPPB syllabus PDF for Executive from the link shared below to understand the syllabus covered in each section of the syllabus. Get the direct link to obtain the IPPB Executive exam Syllabus below:

IPPB Executive Syllabus 2023

The IPPB Executive syllabus is divided into five subjects, i.e., Reasoning, Quantitative aptitude, English, General Awareness, and Computer Knowledge. Check the subject-wise IPPB Executive syllabus PDF for the written exam discussed below.

IPPB Executive exam Syllabus 2023


Important Topics

Quantitative Aptitude


Simplification/ Approximation



Permutation and Combination


Number Systems

Profit and Loss

Ratio and Proportion

Simple Interest and Compound Interest

Time and Work

Speed, Time, and Distance


Mixtures and Alligations

Data Interpretation

Pipes and Cistern


Surds and Indices, etc

IPPB Reasoning Ability Syllabus

Odd One Out

Alphanumeric Series


Directions & Distance

Venn Diagram

Alphabet Test

Ranking and Order



Seating Arrangement

Blood Relations

Input-Output, etc

English Language

Reading Comprehension

Fill in the blanks

Cloze Test

Para jumbles

Tenses Rules



Sentence Rearrangement

Phrase Replacement, etc

General Awareness

Banking and Financial Awareness


Current Affairs

Static General Knowledge


Important Schemes

Books and Authors


Awards and Honors

General Polity etc

Computer Knowledge

Basic Knowledge of the Internet

History of computers


Short cut keys

Computer Abbreviations

MS Office

Software and Hardware Fundamentals

Input & Output Devices

Database, etc

Weightage of IPPB Executive Syllabus 2023

The IPPB Executive exam pattern comprises five objective-type sections for 200 marks and will be conducted online. The exam duration is 2 hours, and there will be a negative marking of 1/4th mark for every incorrect answer in the exam. Check the exam pattern for IPPB Executive recruitment shared below.

IPPB Executive Syllabus 2023 exam Pattern


Number of Questions

Maximum Marks





2 hours




Quantitative Aptitude



Computer Knowledge



General Awareness






How to Cover IPPB Executive Syllabus 2023?

Acing the IBBP executive online exam is no cakewalk. However right strategy can maximize the chances of qualifying for the exam. A huge number of candidates appear for this online exam every year, which in turn increases the competition against limited vacancies. So, candidates should check the Executive IPPB syllabus carefully and jot down important topics. Here are the best tips and tricks to ace the IBBP executive online exam with flying colors.

  • Analyse the IPPB Executive syllabus and exam pattern carefully and prepare a list of syllabus as per their marks' weightage.
  • Choose the best IPPB Executive books and online resources to gain conceptual clarity in order to solve a wide range of syllabus with ease.
  • Attempt mock papers and IPPB Executive's previous year's question papers to boost question-solving speed and focus on all the points that require attention.
  • Revise all the topics/chapters covered so far, formulas, short-cut techniques, etc. regularly.
  • Best Books for IPPB Executive Syllabus 2023

    Candidates should finalize the best IPPB executive books for every subject based on the accurate edition, pattern, and curriculum. The right books and materials can help them to prepare for the latest subject-wise IPPB syllabus executive. The list of best IPPB Executive exam books for all the sections is tabulated below:

    IPPB Executive Books 2023


    Book Names

    General Awareness

    Lucent’s General Knowledge


    Objective General English by SP Bakshi

    Numerical Ability

    Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive exam by RS Aggarwal


    A Modern Approach to Verbal and Non Verbal Reasoning by RS Aggarwal

    Computer Knowledge

    Objective Computer Awareness by Arihant Experts

    FAQ How to prepare for IPPB Executive Syllabus?

    To prepare well for the IPPB Executive online exam, one must thoroughly check the IPPB Executive syllabus, gain conceptual knowledge, and attempt mock papers and previous papers to obtain desired results.

    What is the IPPB Executive 2023 exam Pattern?

    As per the IPPB Executive exam pattern, the online written exam is divided into five sections. The written exam comprises 200 questions for 200 marks. The exam duration is 2 hours.

    Is there any negative marking in IPPB Executive 2023 Exam?

    Yes. There will be a negative marking of 1/4th or 0.25 marks for every incorrect response in the IPPB Executive 2023 exam.

    What is IPPB Executive Syllabus 2023?

    The IPPB Executive syllabus is divided into five subjects, i.e., Reasoning, Quantitative aptitude, English, General Awareness, and Computer Knowledge.

    Salesforce is developing a ton of new AI products that could lead to 'a massive new buying cycle' Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley analysts believe

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    Warum sind Cyberrisiken so schwer greifbar?

    Als mehr oder weniger neuartiges Phänomen stellen Cyberrisiken Unternehmen und Versicherer vor besondere Herausforderungen. Nicht nur die neuen Schadenszenarien sind abstrakter oder noch nicht bekannt. Häufig sind immaterielle Werte durch Cyberrisiken in Gefahr. Diese wertvollen Vermögensgegenstände sind schwer bewertbar.

    Obwohl die Gefahr durchaus wahrgenommen wird, unterschätzen viele Firmen ihr eigenes Risiko. Dies liegt unter anderem auch an den Veröffentlichungen zu Cyberrisiken. In der Presse finden sich unzählige Berichte von Cyberattacken auf namhafte und große Unternehmen. Den Weg in die Presse finden eben nur die spektakulären Fälle. Die dort genannten Schadenszenarien werden dann für das eigene Unternehmen als unrealistisch eingestuft. Die für die KMU nicht minder gefährlichen Cyber­attacken werden nur selten publiziert.

    Aufgrund der fehlenden öffentlichen Meldungen von Sicherheitsvorfällen an Sicherheitsbehörden und wegen der fehlenden Presseberichte fällt es schwer, Fakten und Zahlen zur Risikolage zu erheben. Aber ohne diese Grundlage fällt es schwer, in entsprechende Sicherheitsmaßnahmen zu investieren.

    Erklärungsleitfaden anhand eines Ursache-Wirkungs-Modells

    Häufig nähert man sich dem Thema Cyberrisiko anlass- oder eventbezogen, also wenn sich neue Schaden­szenarien wie die weltweite WannaCry-Attacke entwickeln. Häufig wird auch akteursgebunden beleuchtet, wer Angreifer oder Opfer sein kann. Dadurch begrenzt man sich bei dem Thema häufig zu sehr nur auf die Cyberkriminalität. Um dem Thema Cyberrisiko jedoch gerecht zu werden, müssen auch weitere Ursachen hinzugezogen werden.

    Mit einer Kategorisierung kann das Thema ganzheitlich und nachvollziehbar strukturiert werden. Ebenso hilft eine solche Kategorisierung dabei, eine Abgrenzung vorzunehmen, für welche Gefahren Versicherungsschutz über eine etwaige Cyberversicherung besteht und für welche nicht.

    Die Ursachen sind dabei die Risiken, während finanzielle bzw. nicht finanzielle Verluste die Wirkungen sind. Cyberrisiken werden demnach in zwei Hauptursachen eingeteilt. Auf der einen Seite sind die nicht kriminellen Ursachen und auf der anderen Seite die kriminellen Ursachen zu nennen. Beide Ursachen können dabei in drei Untergruppen unterteilt werden.

    Nicht kriminelle Ursachen

    Höhere Gewalt

    Häufig hat man bei dem Thema Cyberrisiko nur die kriminellen Ursachen vor Augen. Aber auch höhere Gewalt kann zu einem empfindlichen Datenverlust führen oder zumindest die Verfügbarkeit von Daten einschränken, indem Rechenzentren durch Naturkatastrophen wie beispielsweise Überschwemmungen oder Erdbeben zerstört werden. Ebenso sind Stromausfälle denkbar.

    Menschliches Versagen/Fehlverhalten

    Als Cyberrisiken sind auch unbeabsichtigtes und menschliches Fehlverhalten denkbar. Hierunter könnte das versehentliche Veröffentlichen von sensiblen Informationen fallen. Möglich sind eine falsche Adressierung, Wahl einer falschen Faxnummer oder das Hochladen sensibler Daten auf einen öffentlichen Bereich der Homepage.

    Technisches Versagen

    Auch Hardwaredefekte können zu einem herben Datenverlust führen. Neben einem Überhitzen von Rechnern sind Kurzschlüsse in Systemtechnik oder sogenannte Headcrashes von Festplatten denkbare Szenarien.

    Kriminelle Ursachen


    Hackerangriffe oder Cyberattacken sind in der Regel die Szenarien, die die Presse dominieren. Häufig wird von spektakulären Datendiebstählen auf große Firmen oder von weltweiten Angriffen mit sogenannten Kryptotrojanern berichtet. Opfer kann am Ende aber jeder werden. Ziele, Methoden und auch das Interesse sind vielfältig. Neben dem finanziellen Interesse können Hackerangriffe auch zur Spionage oder Sabotage eingesetzt werden. Mögliche Hackermethoden sind unter anderem: Social Engineering, Trojaner, DoS-Attacken oder Viren.

    Physischer Angriff

    Die Zielsetzung eines physischen Angriffs ist ähnlich dem eines Hacker­angriffs. Dabei wird nicht auf die Tools eines Hackerangriffs zurückgegriffen, sondern durch das physische Eindringen in Unternehmensgebäude das Ziel erreicht. Häufig sind es Mitarbeiter, die vertrauliche Informationen stehlen, da sie bereits den notwendigen Zugang zu den Daten besitzen.


    Obwohl die Erpressung aufgrund der eingesetzten Methoden auch als Hacker­angriff gewertet werden könnte, ergibt eine Differenzierung Sinn. Erpressungsfälle durch Kryptotrojaner sind eines der häufigsten Schadenszenarien für kleinere und mittelständische Unternehmen. Außerdem sind auch Erpressungsfälle denkbar, bei denen sensible Daten gestohlen wurden und ein Lösegeld gefordert wird, damit sie nicht veröffentlicht oder weiterverkauft werden.

    Ihre Cyberversicherung sollte zumindet folgende Schäden abdecken:


    • Soforthilfe und Forensik-Kosten (Kosten der Ursachenermittlung, Benachrichtigungskosten und Callcenter-Leistung)
    • Krisenkommunikation / PR-Maßnahmen
    • Systemverbesserungen nach einer Cyber-Attacke
    • Aufwendungen vor Eintritt des Versicherungsfalls

    Cyber-Drittschäden (Haftpflicht):

    • Befriedigung oder Abwehr von Ansprüchen Dritter
    • Rechtswidrige elektronische Kommunikation
    • Ansprüche der E-Payment-Serviceprovider
    • Vertragsstrafe wegen der Verletzung von Geheimhaltungspflichten und Datenschutzvereinbarungen
    • Vertragliche Schadenersatzansprüche
    • Vertragliche Haftpflicht bei Datenverarbeitung durch Dritte
    • Rechtsverteidigungskosten


    • Betriebsunterbrechung
    • Betriebsunterbrechung durch Ausfall von Dienstleister (optional)
    • Mehrkosten
    • Wiederherstellung von Daten (auch Entfernen der Schadsoftware)
    • Cyber-Diebstahl: elektronischer Zahlungsverkehr, fehlerhafter Versand von Waren, Telefon-Mehrkosten/erhöhte Nutzungsentgelte
    • Cyber-Erpressung
    • Entschädigung mit Strafcharakter/Bußgeld
    • Ersatz-IT-Hardware
    • Cyber-Betrug